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  • 1. 假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友 Reef要来你校参加 “中国文化周” 活动,写信向你询问具体细节。请你给他回信,内容如下:

    1)表示欢迎;

    2)活动时间、地点;

    3)活动内容 (听讲座、学汉语、唱京剧等)。

    注意:1)词数100左右;

    2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  • 1. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词;

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉;

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2)只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

        Hello, Jack! I need your help. I am going to organizing a money-raising project for poor students. However, I am at a loss about what to start. I don't know what type of people was most likely to donate. Is it a good idea to visit to local business people? Besides, what is best way to let the public know your ideas? Last but not least, how can I guarantee that the raising money will be sent to the students who really needs it? Considering that you have much experience in organizing similarly projects, I am wondering whether you could give me some suggestion.

  • 1. 阅读理解

        The great-grandmother is learning English with the help of her family when she is at the age of 91. She hopes to use the language at next year's Olympic Games in Tokyo. Takamizawa was one of the more than 200, 00 people who requested to volunteer for Tokyo's 2020 Games. English is not required for service, but it is a useful skill for volunteers to have.

        But Takamizawa had not been able to learn the language when she was young. Takamizawa said that she was in high school when World War Two started. She said, "In my second year there, English was banned because it was the enemy language."

        Takamizawa said her grandchildren helped persuade her that she was not too old to learn. "When I talked to my grandchildren about my wish, they said, 'It's not too late. We will teach you one word a day' ". Natsuko is Takamizawa's granddaughter and main English teacher. Natsuko sends a new English word to her grandmother's phone every day. They also often work together directly on phrases that Takamizawa will need for the Olympics. "Welcome to Tokyo, this is the Olympic stadium, how can I help you?" Takamizawa answers when asked to say an English phrase she has learned. Natsuko explains that she wanted to give her grandmother something to enjoy. "I can clearly see her English is getting better. It's my joy now."

        The EF English Proficiency Index is a measure of the level of English spoken in a country. Japan ranks 49th among countries where English is not the first language. This situation is slowly changing as younger generations welcome English. However, Takamizawa believes real change will not happen unless Japanese people become more open to the rest of the world. With around 500 days to go until the games begin, the whole Takamizawa family is ready to welcome the world to Tokyo.

    1. (1)Why couldn't Takamizawa learn English when she was young?
    2. (2)What can we know from the third paragraph?
    3. (3)What does the underlined phrase "This situation" in Paragraph 4 refer to?
    4. (4)What is the main idea of the passage?
  • 1. 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

        Our world is more connected than ever before thanks to technology. {#blank#}1{#/blank#} Indeed, it is becoming increasingly important that we all learn how to deal with this painful feeling.

        You should be determined to actively end your loneliness. We often end up passively waiting for someone else to make us feel less lonely. You may feel that your loneliness indicates that nobody is willing to connect with you. And there is nothing you can do about it. But that is far from the truth. {#blank#}2{#/blank#}

        You should find reasons why you are lonely. We all feel lonely for different reasons. Some of us have no one to interact with on a consistent basis and that's why we feel lonely. You may feel that the people in your life don't share your thoughts and ideas. {#blank#}3{#/blank#} you need to identify it. And you know exactly how to handle your loneliness.

    {#blank#}4{#/blank#} People who are lonely tend to fall into destructive mental habits. They try to avoid the pain of not being understood and being disconnected by not giving people an opportunity to understand and connect with them. So the solution is to share your thoughts and feelings with others and to do so openly and fearlessly.

        You should find people who share your interests. {#blank#}5{#/blank#} everybody is interested in something. And just as there are many interests, there are many people who share those interests. Find what interests you and connect with others on that basis.

    A. Whatever the reason is,

    B. When you feel really lonely,

    C. If you want to make friends with them,

    D. Whether it's coin collecting or video games,

    E. You should be open about your thoughts, ideas and desires.

    F. Ending loneliness is something that you can and should pursue actively.

    G. However, more and more of us find ourselves having to stand loneliness.

  • 1. 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

        Mochi (年糕) is a traditional food popular in Chinese and Japanese cooking, made from {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (special) treated rice. It is often presented in the form of a round cake, and is traditionally exchanged at the New Year.

    Mochi is made by {#blank#}2{#/blank#} (put) sticky rice into water overnight, cooking it and pounding it into a sticky paste. The paste is made into shapes ranging from simple to complex rounds, some of {#blank#}3{#/blank#} are stuffed with sweet fillings. Mochi is often decorated with {#blank#}4{#/blank#} (flower) or fruits, especially when it is exchanged as {#blank#}5{#/blank#} gift at celebrations like birthdays and the New Year.

        Traditionally, wooden mortars (臼) and pestles (杵) {#blank#}6{#/blank#} (use) to pound mochi rice. Fresh mochi is usually cooked and served warm {#blank#}7{#/blank#} a variety of sauces. Steaming and boiling are both popular preparations in Japan, along with cooking. Fresh mochi is soft but it{#blank#}8{#/blank#} (hard) quickly. Prepacked mochi blocks, flattened and cut into square pieces or shaped into rounds, are available at grocery stores. Mochi can go bad easily, so it's {#blank#}9{#/blank#} (good) to cook soon than to keep it in your fridge.

        Hard mochi pieces can be cooked, deep-fried, boiled, and more. Cooked mochi is very sticky, so be careful not {#blank#}10{#/blank#} (choke) on it.

  • 1. 阅读理解

        You can either travel or read, but either your body or soul must be on the way. The popular saying has inspired many people to read or go sightseeing. Traveling just like reading, is a refreshing journey from the busy world. Books, brain food, can keep you company on your travel.

    On the Road, 1957, by Jack Kerouac

        The book is a globally popular spiritual guide book about youth. The main character in the book drives across the US continent with several young people and finally reaches Mexico. After the exhausting and exciting trip, the characters in the book begin to realize the meaning of life. The book can be a good partner with you to explore the United States.

        Life is Elsewhere, 1975, by Milan Kundera

        Jean-Jacques Rousseau once said, "Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains." The book tells a young artist's romantic but miserable life, about how he reads, dreams, and has a relationship. Experience the artist's passionate life in the book during a trip to Central Europe. The book invites you to deeply reflect on your current life.

        The Stories of Sahara, 1967, by Sanmao

        The book narrates the author's simple but adventurous life in the Sahara Desert, which seems a desolate and dull place. The fancy natural scenery and life there, along with the author's romantic and intensive emotion, will inspire you to explore the mysterious land. Reading the book is like participating in a dialogue with the author, who is sincere and humorous.

        Lotus, 2006 by Annbaby

        This novel set in Tibet, tells three people's stories, each with their unique characteristics. It reveals modern people's emotions and inner life, their confusion about love, and exploration of Buddhism. The book is a good partner to bring you to the sacred land Tibet.

    1. (1)Which book is about the exploration of life value through a journey?
    2. (2)Whose book could be the most suitable for your trip to Germany?
    3. (3)What can we learn from the text?
  • 1. 阅读理解

        A robot created by Washington State University (WSU) scientists could help elderly people with dementia (痴呆) and other limitations live independently in their own homes.

        The Robot Activity Support System or RAS, uses sensors installed in a WSU smart home to determine where its residents are, what they are doing and when they need assistance with daily activities. It navigates (定位) through rooms and around obstacles to find people on its own, provides video instructions on how to do simple tasks and can even lead its owner to objects like their medication or a snack in the kitchen.

    "RAS combines the convenience of a mobile robot with the activity detection technology of a WSU smart home to provide assistance in the moment, as the need for help is detected," said Bryan Minor, a postdoctoral researcher in the WSU School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.

        Currently, an estimated 50 percent of adults over the age of 85 need assistance with every day activities such as preparing meals and taking medication and the annual cost for this assistance in the US is nearly $2 trillion. With the number of adults over 85 expected to triple by 2050, researchers hope that technologies like RAS and the WSU smart home will relieve some of the financial strain on the healthcare system by making it easier for older adults to live alone.

        RAS is the first robot researchers have tried to incorporate into their smart home environment. They recently published a study in the journal Cognitive Systems Research that demonstrates how RAS could make life easier for older adults struggling to live independently.

        "While we are still in an early stage of development, our initial results with RAS have been promising," Minor said. "The next step in the research will be to test RAS' performance with a group of older adults to get a better idea of what prompts, video reminders and other preferences they have regarding the robot."

    1. (1)How does RAS serve elderly people?
    2. (2)What can we know about RAS?
    3. (3)What's Minor's attitude toward the future of RAS?
    4. (4)What can be a suitable title for the text?
  • 1. 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        Donald lived in three different foster homes and changed schools with each move. The experience left him 1and often dropping out of school, making Donald lose all 2for school. Then he 3 Mr. Felipe, the CIS site coordinator (协调员) at his school.

        Mr. Felipe 4 developed a plan to meet Donald's needs. He 5 school supplies and clothes for Donald and encouraged him to join the schools karate (空手道) program. After months of working with Mr. Felipe, Donald's 6 changed. He became more 7and optimistic. He 8 making friends at school and building 9 with his teachers and classmates. Meanwhile, his grades 10 as well.

        "My mom has 11 that my attitude has changed a lot, and my grades are much better too. I like to come to the CIS classroom because it is 12 to be here. Mr. Felipe gives us snacks and provides school supplies for us. We work in the garden and we get the 13 we need to study and do our homework. I feel happy and motivated when I come to this 14."

        For Donald, Mr. Felipe is the person who changed his life. "I was in foster care when I was 4-5 years old and was 15 from my brother for part of the time. I'm back with my family now and happy to have them in my 16," said Donald. "But I still 17 that time and the bad depression I felt. At school, art and football helped me forget and let it all 18. It is Mr. Felipe who helped me when I was 19. Because of him I became more serious about 20 and work in general. "

    (1)
    A . curious B . depressed C . satisfied D . innocent
    (2)
    A . reason B . chance C . confidence D . motivation
    (3)
    A . met B . found C . led D . urged
    (4)
    A . suddenly B . immediately C . strangely D . actually
    (5)
    A . mentioned B . tried C . purchased D . reserved
    (6)
    A . attitude B . study C . ambition D . future
    (7)
    A . ambitious B . generous C . flexible D . outgoing
    (8)
    A . missed B . continued C . resisted D . began
    (9)
    A . networks B . targets C . relationships D . trends
    (10)
    A . shrank B . changed C . improved D . erupted
    (11)
    A . noticed B . argued C . claimed D . hoped
    (12)
    A . outstanding B . fun C . challenging D . bearable
    (13)
    A . tool B . help C . money D . love
    (14)
    A . program B . design C . experiment D . research
    (15)
    A . put away B . knocked off C . split up D . turned down
    (16)
    A . profession B . life C . emotion D . experience
    (17)
    A . treasure B . manage C . keep D . remember
    (18)
    A . go B . heal C . flow D . tolerate
    (19)
    A . angry B . concerned C . upset D . ambiguous
    (20)
    A . hobbies B . relaxation C . sports D . school
  • 1. 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        It was a cold and rainy day. I had no 1 to drive up the winding mountain road to my daughter Carolyn's house. But she 2 I come to see something at the top of the mountain.

        3as I was, I made the two-hour journey 4 the fog that hung like veils (面纱). By the time I saw how 5it was near the summit, I had gone too far away. Nothing could be worth this, I 6 as I drove slowly along the dangerous highway.

        "I'll stay for lunch, but I'm heading back as soon as the fog 7." I announced. "But I want you to drive me to the garage to pick 8 my car." Carolyn said. "How far is it?" I asked. She replied:" About three minutes and I'll drive you there."

        After ten minutes on the mountain road, I looked at her 9. "I thought you said three minutes." She smiled. " This is a detour (绕行路线)." Turning down a narrow track, we parked the car and got out. We walked a long path that was thick with pine trees. Gradually the peace and silence of the place began to fill my mind. Then we turned a corner and stopped. I was 10.

        From the top of the mountain to the folds and valleys 11 several acres of daffodils (水仙花) rich in a variety of colors. It looked as if God had painted something gorgeous in front of us. Many questions 12 my mind. Who created such beauty? Why? How? As we approached the home that stood in the centre of the property, we saw a 13 that read: " Answers to the Questions I know you are asking." The first answer was: "One Woman-Two Hands, Two Feet, and Very Little Brain." The second was: " One at a Time." The third: "Started in 1958."

        As we drove home, I was so 14 by what we had seen. I could 15speak. "She changed the world." I finally said, "one bulb (水仙球茎) at a time. She started almost 40 years ago, probably just the beginning of an idea, and she 16at it.

        The 17 of it would not let me go. I said:" Imagine if I'd had a 18 and worked on it, just a little bit every day, what might I have 19? Carolyn looked at me sideways, smiling. "20 tomorrow," she said. "Better yet, start today."

    (1)
    A . ambition B . desire C . challenge D . way
    (2)
    A . invited B . wished C . insisted D . hoped
    (3)
    A . Cautious B . Surprised C . Eager D . Unwilling
    (4)
    A . through B . over C . across D . beyond
    (5)
    A . fresh B . bright C . thick D . cloudy
    (6)
    A . doubted B . declared C . hesitated D . thought
    (7)
    A . lifts B . cleans C . raises D . sinks
    (8)
    A . out B . up C . off D . on
    (9)
    A . eagerly B . desperately C . anxiously D . calmly
    (10)
    A . shocked B . amazed C . amused D . concerned
    (11)
    A . contained B . lay C . presented D . located
    (12)
    A . filled B . disturbed C . occurred D . confused
    (13)
    A . signal B . symbol C . note D . sign
    (14)
    A . encouraged B . inspired C . moved D . thrilled
    (15)
    A . hardly B . rarely C . simply D . totally
    (16)
    A . brought B . continued C . made D . kept
    (17)
    A . wonder B . doubt C . mystery D . idea
    (18)
    A . view B . vision C . sight D . scene
    (19)
    A . predicted B . expected C . accomplished D . explored
    (20)
    A . Behave B . Take C . Set D . Start
  • 1. 阅读理解

        Theater Listing Guide

        Check out the latest shows in London theaters with our handy theater listing guide! You can either purchase tickets at the theatre or online at //www.londontheatre.co.uk/whats-on.

        Chicago, Phoenix Theatre

        Chicago, the longest-running American musical in Broadway history, has delighted audiences around the world. The main characters are two female criminals. You must be 18 or older to purchase a ticket.

        Kinky Boots, Adelphi Theatre

        Based on the successful 2005 British film by Geoff Deane and Tim Firth, this musical celebration is about the belief that you can change the world when you change your mind. Fans of musical comedy won't want to miss this fabulous show, as the songs in the musical were produced by Grammy and Tony winning pop icon Cyndi Lauper. No children younger than 6 will be admitted. Children under 3 are tree except in reserved seating.

        King Lear, Duke of York's Theatre

        Acting legend Sir Ian McKellen starred the title character in King Lear, one of Shakespeare's famous tragedies. McKellen's performance in the play, which sees King Lear become mad as he divides his kingdom amongst his children, was highly praised by critics and audiences. You must be 12 or older to enter the theatre.

        Les Miserables, Queen's Theatre

        Adapted from the epic novel by Victor Hugo, the musical tells a powerful and moving story of love, sacrifice, passion and revolutionary spirit. In October 2015 Les Miserables celebrated its 30th Anniversary in London and is now the world's longest-running musical. It is recommended for children aged 7 or over, and children under 5 are prohibited.

    1. (1)Who is the composer of the musical Kinky Boots?
    2. (2)Which show is the longest-running musical in the world?
    3. (3)What can we infer about the shows mentioned in the passage?
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