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  • 1. 假定你是李华,你的英国笔友 Jerry 想了解中国人起名字的习惯 (practice), 并请你帮他起一个中 文名字。请你根据以下提示给他写封邮件,内容包括:

    1)介绍中国人起名字的习惯;

    2)名字常表达的意义(至少两点);

    3)给 Jerry 起一个中文名字并说明起此名字的理由。 注意:1. 词数 100 左右;

    2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

    3)开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

    Dear Jerry,

        I am glad to tell you something about the Chinese naming practice.


    Yours,

    Li Hua

  • 1. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

        Chantelle Brow n-Young was not born with vitiligo (白癜风), but it has made her famous. She is the first supermodel with the skin condition, {#blank#}1{#/blank#} causes areas of skin to lose their colour.

        Chantelle was born in Toronto, Canada. At the age of four she started to develop {#blank#}2{#/blank#}(patch) of white skin and {#blank#}3{#/blank#}(diagnose) with vitiligo. No one really knows why one percent of people {#blank#}4{#/blank#}(have) this skin condition, and there is no real cure.

        At school, Chantelle was bullied for being different. The other kids often called her a 'cow', because of {#blank#}5{#/blank#} way her skin looked. She moved school several times and finally left school at 16. From now on, she decided, she {#blank#}6{#/blank#} (be) proud of her skin.

        She got down to {#blank#}7{#/blank#} (post) photos of herself on Facebook and soon was 'spotted' by a Canadian YouTube star, Shannon Boodram, who asked her to be in a music video. It was while she was doing that {#blank#}8{#/blank#} her really 'big break' happened. Tyra Banks asked her to be on America's Next Top Model.

        She didn't win, but she became famous. Her {#blank#}9{#/blank#}(profession) name now is Winnie Harlow , and she has nearly three million followers on Instagram.

        Little {#blank#}10{#/blank#} little, she is changing people's ideas about what beauty is.

  • 1. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2)只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

        Last week, we had the honor of invite Sussie, a female literature teacher from Jenks High School, to give us a literature lesson. All of us were deeply impressing by this unforgettable English lesson. Sussie started the class in an amusing story, that attracted our attention at once. She spoke slowly and clearly so that we could follow him well. Great inspired, we took an active part in the classroom activities. After class, many students being interviewed spoke highly of her. My classmate Peter told me that never before have he experienced so interesting a class. From this lesson, we came to conclusion that it was not so difficult to learn English whether we could find a good way.

  • 1. 阅读理解

        Hiring a self-drive car really adds to the enjoyment of your holiday. There are so many places of interest to visit. And if you enjoy seeing more than just the city centre, there's no better way to explore than by car.

    Hire Charges

    What's included

    What's not included

    ● Unlimited mileage (里程数).

    ● Expenses on oil, maintenance ( 保养 ) and

    ● Personal accident insurance.

    ● Garaging, petrol, parking and traffic fines.

    Repairs, which will be repaid on production of invoices (发票).

    ● Full insurance cover but exclusive of personal


        Conditions of Hire

        ⒈The shortest rental period at these especially low prices is three days. For prices and for periods of one or two days you only see our representative at the hotel.

        ⒉Car hire must be booked six weeks or more before arrival in London to guarantee a car. But if you have been unable to make a booking in advance, please see our representative at the hotel who may still be ab le to help you.

        ⒊The car types on the sheet are examples of the types of cars in each price range, but a particular car cannot be guaranteed.

        ⒋Upon delivery the driver(s) will be asked to sign the car hire company's Conditions of Hire.

        ⒌If you decide to hire a car, just fill in the Booking Form and return it to us. A booking fee of £12 as part of the car hire cost is required.

        ⒍Should you be forced to cancel your car hire booking after payment in full (two weeks before date of hire), a cancellation charge of £12 will be made.

    1. (1)According to the advertisement, what will a car hirer pay extra money for?
    2. (2)If you hire a car for four days,       .
    3. (3)The following statements are true EXCEPT       .
  • 1. 阅读理解

        This activity will melt away the pounds, build your body and leave you on an emotional high. Yet the form of exercise, the fitness trend of the year, does not require gym membership or a personal trainer. All you need to do is walk.

        “Walking is a refreshing alternative to complicated aerobic ( 氧) routines and overpriced gym membership,” says personal trainer Lucy Knight, author of a new book on the exercise. “It is free, enjoyable and already a part of everyday life. All you need to do is correct your technique, walk faster and for longer and you will lose weight.”

        There is much evidence of the benefits of walking. Scientists at the University of Pittsburgh recently discovered that overweight people who walked briskly ( 快) for 30 to 60 minutes a day lost weight even if they didn't change any other lifestyle habits. Another American study found that people who walked for at least four hours a week gained less weight than couch potatoes as they got older. Researchers at the University of Massachusetts medical school found that people who walked every day had 25 percent fewer colds than those who sat a lot. Best of all, walking makes you feel good about yourself. “For people suffering from depression, walking three to four times a week for 30 minutes has been shown to lift their mood,” says Knight.

        But how to walk your way to weight loss and wellness? Health experts recommend that we should walk 10,000 steps a day to stay healthy. Actually you would probably need to walk at least 16,000 steps a day to lose weight. “Your workout plans depend on your level of fitness. You should aim to progress by increasing your walking time by five minutes every two weeks, and walk a bit faster. In just three months, the results should speak for themselves,” says Knight.

    1. (1)What is the latest fitness trend according to the passage?
    2. (2)The underlined word “overpriced” in Paragraph 2 means             .
    3. (3)Studies and researches are mentioned in the passage to show walking             .
    4. (4)Which of the following statements can be inferred from the last paragraph?
  • 1. 阅读理解

        A sunflower is a sunflower. A mobile phone is a mobile phone. But can you combine the two to do something for your local environment? As early as next year it may well be possible. When you have finished with your mobile phone you will be able to bury it in a garden or a plant pot and wait for it to flower.

        A biodegradable (生物所能分解的) mobile phone was, this month, introduced by scientists. It is hoped that the new type of phone will encourage consumers to recycle.

        Scientists have come up with a new material over the last five years. It looks like any other plastic and can be hard or soft, and is able to change shape. Over time it can also break down into the soil without giving out any poisonous chemicals. British researchers used the new material to develop a phone cover that contains a sunflower seed. When this new type of cover turns into waste, it forms fertilizers. These feed the seed and help the flower grow.

        Engineers have designed a small transparent (透明的) window to hold the seed. They have made sure it only grows when the phone is throw n away. “We've only put sunflower seeds into the covers so far. But we are working with plant experts to find out which flowers would perform best. Maybe we could put roses in next time.” said one scientist.

        As phone technology is developing so quickly, people are constantly throwing their mobiles away. This means manufacturers are under pressure to find ways of recycling them. Some 650 million mobile phones have been sold this year. Most of them will be throw n away within two years, adding plastic, heavy metal and chemical waste to the environment. A biodegradable cover can offer some relief for nature, according to the scientists.

        “The seed comes out and the flower grows in the pot so you don't have to concern yourself with the phone when you have finished using it,” said Kerry Kirwan. She leads the research team, which is based at the University of Warwick in Britain.

    1. (1)What is the purpose of this passage?
    2. (2)Which of the following is TRUE about the cover of the new type of phone?
    3. (3)What can be inferred from the passage?
    4. (4)The most suitable title for this passage might be “             ”.
  • 1. 阅读理解

        The Asian country announced yesterday that China was putting tariffs or taxes on about $3 billion worth of imports from the U.S. The tariffs are on 128 American-made products, ranging from pork and fruit to steel pipes. This will make it more expensive for America businesses to sell those products in China. And China says this was done as a response to the tariffs that the U.S. recently put on imports of Chinese steel and aluminum.

        Meanwhile, U.S. President Donald Trump says more tariffs, new ones worth as much a $50 billion are being planned by the U.S. on additional goods from China. So, one big question is, will all this cause a trade war, when countries take turns putting tariffs on each other 's goods, causing prices to rise?

        We don't know yet. The U.S. and China ship hundreds of billions of dollars of goods back and forth every year. So, the tariffs we've seen so far are a tiny part of that. And America's treasury secretary says the U.S. and China are talking behind the scenes about how to prevent a possible trade war.

        But a number of experts are concerned this could turn into one and so are some stock investors. The Chinese tariffs were a major factor in a drop of the U.S. stock market yesterday when the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 459 points. But just like it's hard to tell if a trade war is on the horizon, it's also hard to tell what kind of effects one could have decades down the road.

    1. (1)Which of the following imports did the U.S. government put tariffs on?
    2. (2)Why does the Chinese government put tariffs on imports from the U.S.?
    3. (3)What is the passage mainly about?
    4. (4)In which section of a newspaper can you probably find this article?
  • 1. 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

    View life from new angles

        When I was 14, life felt dull and boring. The high school I went to had over a thousand students, I didn't really 1 to notice the differences between us all.

        Butth is dull view of mine 2 when my parents bought me a camera for 3Even though I didn't 4 the first thing about photography, I dived headfirst into the medium. It was after a month of playing with my new camera when I realized I had no 5 for taking pictures. My photos were clearly 6 something of importance and lacked 7. After a while, I became so 8 with my lack of artistic talent that I quit my new hobby.

        During the summer break, I suddenly decided to pick it 9 again. I went for a walk on the railroad track behind my house. Surprisingly, this walk on the tracks was 10 began my love for photography. When I was walking on the train tracks 11 a model to photograph and only 12 around me, I 13 how important it was to look at the details of things. I didn't worry about trying to create something beautiful. Instead, I just 14 photos of the beauty already around me. I quickly became 15 to color, lighting, shape, shading and everything in between. After months of studying outdoor 16, I was finally ab le to create beauty of my own and my work has been 17 in two small magazines.

        Slowly, my photos became something I was 18 of. They're not masterpieces, but they're important to me. And they're signs of how much my artistic abilities have 19: I went from zero artistic talent to being published.

        20 this Christmas gift from my parents, I now have a new way of looking at the world.

    (1)
    A . fail B . dare C . care D . pretend
    (2)
    A . changed B . occurred C . appeared D . collapsed
    (3)
    A . birthday B . fun C . Christmas D . practice
    (4)
    A . recognize B . read C . forget D . know
    (5)
    A . talent B . mood C . passion D . time
    (6)
    A . missing B . emphasizing C . exaggerating D . expressing
    (7)
    A . space B . freshness C . color D . technique
    (8)
    A . popular B . familiar C . cross D . open
    (9)
    A . out B . off C . over D . up
    (10)
    A . that B . what C . which D . w here
    (11)
    A . with B . before C . after D . without
    (12)
    A . photos B . trains C . nature D . sunshine
    (13)
    A . concluded B . realized C . remembered D . questioned
    (14)
    A . captured B . studied C . ignored D . featured
    (15)
    A . used B . determined C . connected D . addicted
    (16)
    A . scenes B . sports C . materials D . activities
    (17)
    A . advertised B . published C . covered D . tested
    (18)
    A . ashamed B . tired C . proud D . fond
    (19)
    A . gone B . faded C . kept D . grow n
    (20)
    A . In spite of B . Owing to C . Compared with D . In addition to
  • 1. 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

    More candidates, less bonus points

        The Ministry of Education said in March that it would remove some preferential provisions (优惠的规定) that award bonus points to some students' total score. {#blank#}1{#/blank#}

        According to the statement, no bonus points will be awarded for exceptional sports ability, w inning academic Olympiads or science and technology competitions.

        Reforms of the enrollment (录取) process {#blank#}2{#/blank#}Key universities and others will be combined into the same round of enrollment to provide more choices for different students. Tianjin, Guangdong and Liaoning will adopt the reforms this year.

        {#blank#}3{#/blank#}

        There will be 2,311 new majors to choose this year, many of which are oriented toward science and technology's new front—big data and artificial intelligence.

        Around 250 colleges will set up courses on “data science and big data technology” and around 60 colleges will add “robotic engineering” as a new major. {#blank#}4{#/blank#}

        Ban on publicity of top scorers

        In recent years, over-emphasis or even hype (炒作) of the top scorers and highest enrollment rate received negative reviews. This year, the ministry published a notice which stressed its firm stance (立场) of banning the practice before the exam. {#blank#}5{#/blank#}

    A. New majors for artificial intelligence

    B. New majors for the age of intelligence

    C. According to it, violators would be punished severely.

    D. Talent selection process will be simplified in many places this year.

    E. Cyberspace security is also a new option in this year's major selection.

    F. Previously, students with top performance were awarded bonus points.

    G. This effort, hopefully, will positively promote a more fair and scientific selection process.

  • 1. 阅读理解

        Australian electronics and homewares retailers are preparing for the invasion (涌入) of American giant Amazon, but some have decided to take the fight up to the online-based store when it comes to local shores.

        Last week, Amazon confirmed its rapid Australia expansion by announcing that it was searching for a site to build its “fulfillment center”—a large warehouse(仓库)for storing and shipping goods purchased online—but local retailer, including one of Harvey Norman's founders Gerry Harvey, have said they will make it hard for Amazon to succeed in Australia.

        Harvey Norman sells electronics, furniture and bedding—all markets in which Amazon hopes to hold a stake, but Harvey has said that he will happily go toe-to-toe with the American behemoth to hold his ground in the Australian market.

        “In America and other parts of the world, they have just demolished (彻底打败) other retailers, no question about that, and they send a lot of retailers broke,” Harvey told News Corp on Monday. “There is no question they have one ambition and like Attila the Hun, or Alexander the Great, they just want to demolish everything in front of them and then at the end of the day claim to be victorious and make their own rules. So this is a company that is extraordinary by any measure and challenges every rule that has ever been written about a business.”

        Some analysts have said that Amazon could take in as much as 3 billion U. S. dollars in sales in its first five years in Australia (around I percent of the total 225 billion U.S. dollar market), but Harvey has refuted those claims, saying that local retailers would be putting up “one hell of a fight” when Amazon launches is main retail services in Australia. “We will be over there fighting them like no American retailer has ever fought them,” he said. “Any price that they put we will beat or equal.”

        Meanwhile, Harvey's thoughts were backed up by the former CEO of supermarket chain Woolworths. Roger Corbett, who said Amazon would struggle to keep its lower wages and claims of lightning fast delivery to rural parts when it opens in Australia. “Amazon will have an impact on the market place, but they are coming into an already very competitive market,” he told News Corp.

    1. (1)Why did Gerry Harvey react actively to Amazon's expansion to Australia?
    2. (2)What is Amazon like according to Gerry Harvey?
    3. (3)What message is conveyed in the last paragraph?
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