辽宁省本溪市2019年中考英语试卷

修改时间:2019-11-08 浏览次数:54 下载次数:13 类型:中考真卷 试卷属性

副标题:

*注意事项:

    一、单项选择 (共15分,每小题1分)
    二、补全对话 (共5分,每空1分)
    • 16. 从方框内所给的选项中选择恰当的句子完成此对话。(有两个多余选项)

      (Betty meets Mary before the English exam of their entrance exams.)

      A: Hello, Mary!

      B: Hello, Betty! Finishing the exams this afternoon means that our middle school life is over.

      A: ________

      B: I'm going to do something special.

      A: Something special?________

      B: Sure. I plan to make breakfast for my parents every morning as they have done for me these years.

      A: You're right.

      B: ________

      A: I've planned to play with my classmates from morning to evening every day.________ I will stay with my parents as much as possible.

      B: I agree.

      A: Oh, it's time to take the exam. I hope you will get good grades! Good luck.

      B: ________

      A. Can you tell me more?

      B. What do you mean?

      C. What are you going to do this summer vacation?

      D. But now I want to change my idea.

      E. What about you?

      F. The same to you.

      G. What did you plan to do?

    三、完形填空(共10分,每空1分)
    • 17. 根据短文内容,从各题所给的四个选项中选择一个最佳答案.

          A college student stayed up all night studying for his zoology(动物学) test the next day. The following morning, 1 he entered the classroom, he saw ten birds on the desks. Each bird was 2 with a sack(麻布袋) and only the legs were outside.

          The teacher told the students that the test would be to watch each pair of bird legs and write down the name and the living habits of each bird.

          The student looked at each pair of bird legs. 3 of them looked the same to him. He began to get upset. He stayed up all night studying, but now he had to name birds by their legs. The more he 4 about it, the sadder he got.

          He 5 not think of any answers after a long time. He went to the teacher's desk and said, "What a strange test! 6 could anyone tell differences among birds by their legs? I'm afraid I have to take the exam later. "7 these words, the student put his test paper on the desk and walked to the door.

          The teacher was 8.The class was so big that he didn't know every student's 9, so when the student reached the door, the teacher 10 out, "One moment, boy, what's your name?"

          The student pulled up his trouser legs and said, "My dear teacher, can you guess my name by my legs?"

      (1)
      A . before B . while C . after D . since
      (2)
      A . covered B . served C . connected D . shared
      (3)
      A . Both B . All C . Neither D . None
      (4)
      A . talked B . asked C . thought D . heard
      (5)
      A . could B . must C . might D . should
      (6)
      A . How B . Why C . When D . Where
      (7)
      A . Against B . Through C . With D . About
      (8)
      A . happy B . surprised C . thankful D . satisfied
      (9)
      A . name B . address C . hobby D . future
      (10)
      A . blew B . put C . cut D . called
    四、阅读理解(共20分,每小题5分)
    • 18. 阅读理解

          A river was running happily in the hill, the valley(山谷) and the field. Soon it was stopped by a huge rock and the river was a little afraid and worried what it could do.

          The rock said, "Hi, baby!Where are you going?"

          The river answered, "I'm going to the sea. My mother is waiting for me."

          The rock made fun of the river and said, "You're too young. Go back to the hill at once. You can't get there. Don't come back here again!"

          The river was surprised to hear that and said, "I can only go forwards(向前).There's no river that goes backwards(向后)!"

          The rock became angry and warned the river. "Don't speak! If you don't go back, you will have to change your direction. Don't want to run over my body!"

          The river asked helplessly, "Where should I go?"

          "You can go anywhere you like. Just don't come close to me!"

          While they are talking, more and more water came here. Then it began to get out of control. The river ran quickly over the rock and the rock was washed pitifully.

          The river said proudly, "A weak person will change his goal and direction. A person who is strong will only go ahead and nothing can stop him!"

      1. (1)The final goal of the river was to go to the     .
        A . field B . valley C . sea D . hill
      2. (2)The rock wanted the river to     .
        A . get out of control B . come close to him C . make fun of him D . go back to the hill
      3. (3)The river ran over the rock     .
        A . slowly B . softly C . quickly D . carelessly
      4. (4)After meeting the rock, the river became      at last instead of being afraid.
        A . proud B . helpless C . pitiful D . worried.
      5. (5)The passage tells us that we should      when facing difficulties.
        A . Avoid solving the problem B . become strong and go ahead C . change our dream directly D . be used to giving up silently
    • 19. 阅读理解

          Chinese painting is one of the oldest art forms in the world. Painting in the traditional style is known today in Chinese as Guohua.

          Traditional Chinese painting is done with a brush dipped(浸) in black or colored ink(墨水).Paper and silk are also needed for painting. The finished work can be put on scrolls(轴).Traditional Chinese painting includes landscape(山水)painting, figures(人物), bird and flowers. Landscape painting is regarded as the highest form of Chinese painting.

          Chinese folk(民间的) music is an important part of Chinese culture. It has a long history. One of the Confucianism Classics(儒家经典 ) Shi Jing, contains many folk songs. They are much loved by people up to now.

          Traditional Chinese musical instruments are symbols of Chinese culture, such as guqin, guzheng, pipa, erhu, xiao and chime(编钟). Sheng and suona are also popular in northern villages in China. Xi'an drum music is large traditional drum music. It is a valuable part of Chinese ancient music, and is regarded as the "living fossil(化石) of Chinese ancient music" in the world.

      1. (1)People usually use      for doing traditional Chinese painting.

        ①brushes

        ②ink

        ③color pencils

        ④paper

        ⑤silk

        A . ①②③④ B . ②③④⑤ C . ①②③⑤ D . ①②④⑤
      2. (2)The highest form of Chinese painting is     .
        A . landscape painting B . figures C . bird and flowers D . trees
      3. (3)The underlined word "contain" means     .
        A . hold B . control C . prevent D . include
      4. (4)      is called the "living fossil of Chinese ancient music" in the world.
        A . Folk music B . Country music C . Ancient music D . Xi'an drum music
      5. (5)The two paragraphs above are about     .
        A . Chinese music B . Chinese painting C . Chinese culture D . Chinese history
    • 20. 阅读理解

          Once upon a time, the colors in the world started to argue. All thought they were the most important and useful.

          Green said, "I'm the symbol of life and hope. I was chosen for grass, trees and leaves. Look around and you will see me everywhere."

          Blue followed, "You only consider the earth, but look at the sky and the sea."

          Yellow smiled, "I bring hope and warmth into the world. Look at the color of the sun and the moon."

          Orange continued, "I'm the color of joy. My beauty is so fantastic that no one can think of you at sunrise or sunset."

          Red shouted out, "I'm the ruler of you. I'm the color of life and live. So nobody can take my place." Purple stood up, "I'm the color of power. People never question me! They just listen and follow."

          Finally, indigo(靛青色) spoke slowly. "I stand for thought and reflection(反省).Yet all of you just need them."

          Suddenly, the sky became dark and rain started to pour down. The colors all gathered(聚集) in fear. Rain began to speak, "Join hands and come to me."

          The colors did as they were told. Rain added, "Don't you know you each are made for a certain purpose? When it rains, appear together to show that you can all live in peace. The rainbow(彩虹) is the color of your friendship."

      1. (1)The color green thought it was the most important because     .
        A . It made the world full of joy B . it was the symbol of life and love C . people could see it here and there D . it was the color of grass and flowers
      2. (2)      gives the world hope and warmth.
        A . Red B . Blue C . Yellow D . Purple
      3. (3)Each color is made for a      purpose.
        A . similar B . certain C . funny D . personal
      4. (4)According to the passage, we can know     .
        A . orange stands for powerful and life B . all the colors were happy to greet rain C . Blue is the color of the sea and the sky D . The sky became dark and began to snow
      5. (5)The best title for the passage can be "     ".
        A . The color of friendship B . The performance of colors C . The colors in the world D . The courage of the rainbow
    • 21. 阅读理解

          Holland(荷兰)is the magical land of tulips(郁金香) and windmills(风车). The tulips bloom(开花) from March until May. Holland is famous as the largest flower selling country in the world. The windmills, however, are important for the people of Holland.

          Keukenhof

          Keukenhof is the most famous and largest flower park in the world. Will you visit Holland in spring? Then be sure to visit Keukenhof, you will see the beautiful Holland tulips and other famous flowers in Holland.

          Single Bloemenmarket

          Rain or shine, this famous floating(漂浮的)flowers market in Amsterdam is filled with colorful fresh flowers from Monday to Sunday. Though the best months are in March, April or May, the floating flowers market is a great place to find tulips at any time of the year.

          Schiedam

          Schiedam is the best choice if you want to see the largest windmills in the world. With heights up to 33 meters, they are hard to miss.

          Zaanse Schans

          Zannse Schans is also a good place you should visit. About 250 years ago, over 600 windmills formed the first industrial area in the world. It produces paint, paper and so on. Today it's an open﹣air conservation area(自然保护区) and museum, which interests thousands of visitors each year.

      1. (1)Holland is      selling country in the world.
        A . the largest flower B . the largest windmills C . the smallest flower D . the smallest windmills
      2. (2)If you visit Keukenhof in spring, you can enjoy     .
        A . tulips and other flowers B . tulips and some windmills C . different kinds of plants D . plants and some windmills
      3. (3)You can see tulips      in the floating flower market.
        A . every month except March B . at any time of the year C . only in March, April or May D . from Monday to Saturday
      4. (4)The largest windmills in the world lie in     .
        A . Amsterdam B . Zaanse Schans C . Schiedam D . Keukenhof
      5. (5)From the last paragraph, we know Zaanse Schans     .
        A . has few visitors each year B . is an animal conservation area C . doesn't have any windmills D . is a good place to see windmills
    五、补全对话(共5分,每空1分)
    • 22. 在下面对话的空白处填入适当的话语(话语可以是句子、短语或词),使对话完整。

      A: Hello, this is Tim. May I speak to Bob?

      B: Speaking, Tim.

      A: Hi, Bob ________?

      B: Yes, I have nothing to do tomorrow afternoon. What's up?

      A: I have two tickets for the basketball game tomorrow. ________?

      B: Yes, I'd love to. I am always expecting to watch a basketball game ________?

      A: My brother bought two tickets for me yesterday.

      B: ________?

      A: Sixty yuan for each.

      B: Great! What time shall we meet?

      A: ________.

      B: Five o'clock? OK, see you then.

      A: See you.

    六、根据所给中文完成句子翻译。(共11分,局部翻译,每小题1分,整句翻译,每小题1分)
    七、翻译(共4分)
    • 31. 阅读下面的短文,将短文中画线部分的句子译成中文。

          Good manners mean good actions in social communication. ⑴A person who has good manners is welcome because he always thinks of others. A person with good manners won't say anything that will hurt others. A person with good manners won't influence people when they are talking.

          Then how can we learn to have good manners? ⑵In fact, that is not difficult at all. Good manners just mean respect (尊重) for other people.

      ⑴________ ⑵________ 

    八、选词填空(共10分,每空1分)
    • 32. 根据短文内容,用方中所给词的正确形式填空,使短文完整、正确。(每个词只能用一次,有两个多余词)

      him, once, remember, love, still, nothing, ask, through, pretty, baby, understand, on

          One sunny day, an angle(天使) ran out of heaven(天堂) and came down to this world. He walked ________ the city and the village. Before his trip was over, he wanted to take something away to ________ his trip here.

          He noticed a garden. He picked the most beautiful roses and said, "I see ________ more beautiful than these."

          Looking on a little further, he saw a bright﹣eyed baby. The baby was looking at its mother. He said, "Oh, the expression on its face is even ________ than the roses. I will take it."

          Then he saw the baby's mother. The mother was also looking at her baby. The ________ to her own baby was pouring out of the mother's eyes just like the water of a river. The angel said to________, "Oh, that mother's love is the best thing I have seen. I will take it, too!"

          He flew away with the three things. When he came back, he had a look at the three things________more. He looked at the flowers and they had wilted(枯萎).He looked at the________ expression and it had disappeared. He looked at the mother's love and it was ________ there. Then he ________ the only thing that could keep its beauty all the way was a mother's love. I could last forever.

    九、任务型阅读(共20分,每小题10分)
    • 33. 阅读下列短文,简略回答所提出的问题。

      Ma Yun is in his words

          There are always many young people who want to learn something from me. In fact, I'm not as lucky as most of you. I tried 3 times for colleges but all failed. For the fourth time, I tried for the teachers' college and they accepted me. I applied(申请) for jobs for 30 times. You can guess the results. It was so difficult at that time. I was down but I didn't give up and fought on. So you can see a new Ma Yun now.

          You are lucky enough. You are at the best time of this century. The best wealth you have is that you are young.

          Among all the challenges, I think the biggest one is education. Something we teach our kids is too old. So we have to research what is the best way and what are the best things to teach our kids.

          The future you face is not a competition for knowledge but a competition for creativity and imagination.

          When people have problems, the chance will come. If you can solve them, then the chance will belong to you.

      1. (1)How many times did Ma Yun try for colleges?
      2. (2)Why did Ma Yun succeed?
      3. (3)What is the biggest challenge in Ma Yun's opinion?
      4. (4)What kind of competition will young people face?
      5. (5)Are problems good or bad things according to the passage?
    • 34. 阅读下面短文,完成表格。

          Some people around you look so cool and happy, but you often feel lonely. Or the friends you have do not really understand you that make you feel lonely, too. So what can be done when you have this feeling?

          Understand people's differences

          Not everyone has to do things the same way or behave the same way. Find people who have the same feeling. That is always a good basic for the friendship. You can take part in activities outside school like sports, art classes and dancing classes. There you can have more chances to find people who have the same interest as you.

          Develop your friendship

          Friendships do not just happen, and they need work. Phone your friends once in a while. Being there when they need you means that they will do the same for you.

          Accept others' invitations

          Even if someone invites you to a neighborhood street party, you never know who else will be there. Laughing and playing together could start a new friendship.

          Start a club

          Make your circle of friends big by starting a club. Going camping together or regularly (有规律地) going to the movies doesn't take much time.

      The title: ________

      Understand people's differences

      ●Not everyone does things or behaves the same way.

      ●Find the people who have the same ________  as you.

      Develop your friendship

      ●Please be there when ________, so they will do the same for you.

      Accept others' invitations

      ●You should go to the parties if you ________.

      ●Maybe you will make some new friends in these parties.

      ________

      ●Try to make your circle of friends big.

      ●It doesn't take much time to take part in some regular activities.

    十、书面表达(共20分)
    • 35. 根据要求完成小作文,词数:30词左右。

          回想初中阶段,你的班级或学校举办的哪一次活动对你影响至深,说说你在活动中做了什么,并有什么样的感受或收获。

      根据要求完成大作文,词数:80-100词。

    • 36. 每年十月份,越来越多的游客来本溪赏枫叶. 请你根据以下提示,说说如何给游客可留下"景美人更美"的好印象,从自身做起,做文明本溪人!

      提示词:beautiful views美丽的景色

      要求:

      1)语意连贯,层次清晰,书写规范;

      2)文中不得出现真实姓名与校名;

      3)短文开头已给出,不计入总词数。

      How to be a polite citizen

          Benxi is a good place to watch maple leaves (枫叶) in October.

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