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  • 1. (2021·和平模拟) I only take on work that excites me      it means turning down lots of money.
    A . as if B . in case C . now that D . even if
  • 1. (2021·和平模拟) Excuse me, Madam. Ellen, a journalist from the Daily Mail        all day. Could you speak to him now?
    A . was phoned B . has been phoned C . is phoning D . has been phoning
  • 1. (2021·山西模拟) 阅读理解

    Uncover secrets of the world's oldest civilizations and see natural wonders that will take your breath away. Through our tours you'11 encounter wild animals, see unbelievable landmarks and experience the local traditions of native tribes(部落).

    Grand Morocco

    From $2599 13 days

    Uniting North African culture and French flavor in harmony, Morocco attracts tourists with its old-world traditions and splendid landscapes. Our Morocco tour from the U. S. contains must-see destinations. And, if you like, a noble camel will take you on an unforgettable ride during a full-day Sahara Desert trip. You'll also have time to experience the country's delightful customs.

    Deluxe Dubai&Abu Dhabi

    From $2299 9 days

    If you appreciate big and striking, consider this Dubai and Abu Dhabi tour package from the U. S. Thanks to enormous wealth due to its oil reserves, the UAE's largest emirate (酋长国) has transformed into an impressive destination you have to see to believe. Dramatic Dubai is developing rapidly too. It's become a truly global, open society where visitors are absorbed in exciting possibilities. Experience all of the must-sees, as your guide provides context, dining ideas and personalized tips on maximizing your free time.

    Cape Town & Safari Express

    From $1 999 9 days

    If South Africa is one of the many destinations on your wish list, our Cape Town and Safari package from New York City is a very smart choice. The tour includes three full days in this port city, where you can book extraordinary optional tours that show south Africa's incredible diversity. Discover the long-lasting legacy(遗产)of Nelson Mandela, explore the scenic Winelands or even go shark cage diving. . if you dare!

    1. (1) What will you do on Grand Morocco tour?
    2. (2) Why is Abu Dhabi so wealthy?
    3. (3) On which tour can you experience all adventurous activity?
  • 1. (2021·山西模拟) 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

    Did you know that what you think you like and don't like is often the result of false ________(believe)? As humans, we tend to be ________ (easy) influenced when it comes to liking or disliking something, and we're happy to have our existing opinions ________ (confirm). But once they became fixed, we often lose our ability to be ________ (object) and we don't like to have our ideas challenged. Generally speaking, human beings are not good at taking a balanced view of things. For instance, we unconsciously start to listen for and select information that ________(match) our understanding and turn a blind eye to information that doesn't, ________ (reject) it out of hand. We don't always like to accept new information that doesn't match up with what we already believe. As a result, we often don't even consider the reasons behind ________ opposing point of view. Instead, we look for evidence that confirms________we have already thought, and which conforms to our own point of view. We're more likely________(give) meaning to information that matches those we've already believed. In other words, we are biased (有偏见的)towards certain information. ________ can come as a shock when information we trusted is actually exposed to be untrue.

  • 1. (2021·山西模拟) 阅读理解

    Hundreds of people die at sea every year due to ship and airplane accidents. Emergency teams have little time to rescue those in the water because the probability of finding a person alive fall dramatically after six hours. Beyond tides and challenging weather conditions, unsteady coastal currents often make search and rescue operations extremely difficult.

    New insight into coastal flows gained by an international research team led by George Haller, Professor of Nonlinear Dynamics at ETH Zurich, promises to enhance the search and rescue techniques currently in use. Using tools from dynamical systems theory and ocean data, the team has developed an algorithm (算法) to predict where objects and people floating in water will go. "Our work has a clear potential to save lives," says Mattia Serra, the first author of a study recently published in Nature Communications.

    In today's rescue operations at sea, complicated models of ocean dynamics and weather forecasting are used to predict the path of floating objects. For fast-changing coastal waters, however, such predictions are often inaccurate due to uncertain boundaries and missing data. As a result, a search may be launched in the wrong location, causing a loss of precious time.

    Haller's research team obtained mathematical results predicting that objects floating on the ocean's surface should gather along a few special curves (曲线) which they call TRansient Attracting Profiles (TRAPs). These curves can't be seen with our eyes but can be tracked from instant ocean surface current data using recent mathematical methods developed by the ETH team. This enables quick and precise planning of search paths that are less sensitive to uncertainties in the time and place of the accident.

    In cooperation with a team from MIT, the ETH team tested their new, TRAP-based search algorithm in two separate ocean experiments near Martha's Vineyard, which is on the northeastern coast of the United States. Working from the same real-time data available to the Coast Guard, the team successfully identified TRAPs in the region in real time. They found that buoys and manikins (浮标和人体模型) thrown in the water indeed quickly gathered along these emerging curves. "Of several competing approaches tested in this project, this was the only algorithm that consistently found the right location," says Haller.

    "Our results are rapidly obtained, easy to interpret and cheap to perform," points out Serra. Haller stresses: "Our hope is that this method will become a standard part of the tool kit of coast guards everywhere. "

    1. (1) In a search and rescue operation,         .
    2. (2) What is the distinct feature of the new algorithm?
    3. (3) Paragraph 5 mainly talks about         .
    4. (4) What is the best title for the passage?
  • 1. (2021·山西模拟) 任务型阅读

    iPad vs textbooks

    What if you could have your whole backpack at the touch of your fingertips? In the first month of the Apple iPads release, 25million were sold! People all over the world use iPads for all sorts of different things, but one of their finest qualities is the ability to be a textbook. ________ .

    To begin with. iPads are less expensive. Textbooks become outdated and schools have to buy new books, but with an iPad schools can update them for free. ________. Schools don't have to spend $500 every year for iPads because they last a while and can be updated.

    ________. Students usually have multiple classes, which results in multiple textbooks. Heavy backpacks filled with books can cause back problem. A solution to that is an iPad, which only weighs 1. 33 pounds and can hold all of a student's textbooks.

    Thirdly, schools should get rid of their textbooks and get iPads because they have more capabilities. Some might think all of the apps are distracting, but the apps actually make iPads more efficient. ________ . Textbooks cannot do those tasks, but iPads can easily do them with just a tap of the fingertip.

    Lastly, iPads are a better choice for schools instead of textbooks because these devices allow students to access their learning anywhere at any time. ________ . With iPads, they find it easier to get their homework done.

    In conclusion, schools should get rid of their clumsy textbooks and switch to iPads. iPads have allowed this generation to have their entire backpack in the palm of their hands.

    A. iPads absorb the need to buy calculators, dictionaries, and other items that are found within the device.

    B. Schools have every reason to do away with their school books and switch to iPads.

    C. Moreover, in high school, textbooks have an average of 4. 8 pounds each.

    D. iPads have already replaced textbooks in over 600 American counties.

    E. Therefore, they can use the saved money for other programs.

    F. Secondly, iPads cost less and are more popular.

    G. iPads are perfect for busy students.

  • 1. (2021·山西模拟) 完形填空

    I believe in miracles(奇迹) because I've seen so many of them. One day, a patient was referred to me who was one hundred and two years old. "There's a1in my upper jaw," she said. "I told my own dentist it's nothing, but he 2I come to see you. "

    Her eighty-year-old son accompanied her. He would 3 to add something, but she stopped him. She wanted to tell everything herself. I found a large cancer that spread over much of the 4of her mouth. A careful examination later 5 that it was a particularly bad sort of cancer. During her next appointment, I explained to her the 6of the problem. She clasped my hand in hers and said, "I know you're worried about me, but I'm just 7. "

    I thought otherwise(不同). After considerable 8 on my part, and kindness on her part because she wanted to 9 me, she agreed to have me refer her to a cancer surgeon. She saw him, but as I expected, 10 treatment. About six months later she returned to my office, still energetic and 11.

    "How are you?" I asked.

    "I'm just fine, honey," she responded12 high spirits. " When can I get started on fixing my dentures(假牙)?"

    Surprised to see her at all, I answered 13, "Let me take a look in your mouth and we'll see about it. "

    I couldn't believe my eyes. The cancer that had 14 nearly the entire roof of her mouth was gone-only one small area of redness 15.

    I had read of such things happening, but had 16 seen them with my own eyes. That was my first miracle. Since then I've seen many others, because they keep getting 17 to see. In fact, miracles are daily events for me now. And people are a miracle, 18 through them we have a chance to know ourselves and to 19 the miracles of one another.

    Since my first miracle, I've come to understand that the place for a miracle is20we choose to find it.

    (1)
    A . cut B . wound C . pain D . cancer
    (2)
    A . declared B . suspected C . promised D . insisted
    (3)
    A . refuse B . continue C . manage D . attempt
    (4)
    A . corner B . roof C . bottom D . surface
    (5)
    A . considered B . convinced C . confirmed D . concluded
    (6)
    A . possibility B . seriousness C . importance D . resolution
    (7)
    A . old B . sick C . glad D . fine
    (8)
    A . permission B . support C . effort D . approval
    (9)
    A . please B . persuade C . encourage D . astonish
    (10)
    A . provided B . refused C . received D . required
    (11)
    A . healthy B . optimistic C . elegant D . humorous
    (12)
    A . to B . with C . in D . by
    (13)
    A . confusedly B . excitedly C . impatiently D . confidently
    (14)
    A . spread B . reached C . covered D . grown
    (15)
    A . cured B . faded C . remained D . expanded
    (16)
    A . ever B . also C . already D . never
    (17)
    A . rarer B . easier C . happier D . closer
    (18)
    A . or B . so C . for D . yet
    (19)
    A . read B . see C . keep D . write
    (20)
    A . whatever B . whoever C . wherever D . whichever
  • 1. (2021·山西模拟) 阅读理解

    World's loneliest marathon

    Many of us know about Russia's Lake Baikal from our textbooks, or by listening to Chinese singer Li Jian's hit song, Lake Baikal. But over the past decade, the world's deepest freshwater lake has been in the spotlight for an extreme sport.

    Each March since 2005, about 150 people from around the world sign up for the Baikal Ice Marathon. They come to explore the lake's breathtaking beauty and challenge themselves in unpredictable conditions.

    The 26-mile (41. 84-kilometers) journey starts on the lake's eastern shore. In March, the ice is a meter thick and iron-hard. Runners cross this frozen surface, finishing on the western side of the lake.

    Known as the "blue eye of Siberia", Lake Baikal has exceptionally clear waters. This means its ice is almost perfectly transparent. "Seen from above, a runner on the ice looks as if he or she is jogging through space," The New York Times noted.

    The landscape might be beautiful, but it's also harsh. Strong winds blast across the lake and frostbite can occur within half an hour. Runners say the cold climate is what draws them. They want to test their limits.

    "When you are in such an environment, you don't have cars around you, you don't have the noise around. I think these extreme races allow you to be alone with nature," Alicja Barahona, a 64-year-old runner from the US, told ABC News.

    The location offers some strange and unique characteristics for this marathon. The finish line is visible from the start, but the endless white offers no progress markers. The race also ends with little fanfare (喧闹). Tourists crowding the ice are mostly addicted to snapping selfies (自拍) and just ignore the runners.

    For some runners, the absence of spectators (观众) makes the race more challenging, because it's lonely. They must fight with themselves. "You are alone on Baikal. It is your race. You are alone with yourself. All you need to do is to defeat yourself," Veronique Messina, a French runner, told the Telegraph.

    1. (1) What can we know about the Baikal Ice Marathon from the article?
    2. (2) In Paragraph 5, the underlined word "harsh" probably means _______.
    3. (3) How does the Baikal Ice Marathon differ from other marathons?
    4. (4) What is the most challenging part of the race for Messina?
  • 1. (2021·山西模拟) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文. 文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧ ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用(\ )划掉。

    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:

    2)只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

    With the Spring Festival come, there will be a long winter holiday. Therefore, I am not going to travel anywhere, because of I don't want to join the crowds. Instead, I just want to stay at home and enjoyed the family time. I am so delightedly that my grandparents will come to stay with us for few days. So my parents decide to having a family hotpot and invite some relatives together. It is so a great reunion that everyone will have much fun. What's more, we will drive to our hometown, what is near the city center. There will be fewer people and we can appreciate the beauty of natures.

  • 1. (2021·山西模拟) 假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你的美国笔友Chris正在学习汉语。他得知你校在线开设 了中国诗词课程,非常感兴趣并想参加学习,便写信给你,希望你介绍相关情况。请根据 以下提示给他写一封回信。

    内容包括:1)你校使用钉钉(DingTalk)软件进行在线教学此课程;2)使用钉钉(DingTalk)的方法;3)在线中国诗词课程的特色。

    注意:1)词数100左右;2)开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

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