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  • 1. (2020高一上·惠州期末) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和 D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

    When British musician Paul Barton performs in Lopburi lately, his energetic listeners react wildly. Some pull his hair or jump on his piano. Others steal his music. These behaviors are normal; however, these crowds are truly wild—wild monkeys to be exact, who are Barton's latest animal fans. Past wildlife audiences included elephants and deer living in special protected areas. He also once played to cows to please them to get more milk.

    Barton plays often to the animals in Lopburi, an area known for wild macaque monkeys. The pianist hopes the music shows bring calmness to the animals, which often suffer hunger during the hard time and become aggressive(好斗的).The limited tourism means fewer people come to see the monkeys and feed them.“On the one hand, we need to make an effort to make sure that they eat correctly. On the other hand, we should try to calm these wild animals down,” said Barton, 59, a Thailand man.

    Barton has played at four places in Lopburi, including an ancient Hindu temple, a store and an old movie theater. The animals quickly surround Barton when he plays music. Some of the creatures sit on his chair, while others climb up his body and touch his head. However, Barton keeps his attention on his performance, even when some animals run over his hands on the instrument and other animals take control of his music papers. Barton is happy to find they are curious about him and the piano and enjoy the music as he is playing it.

    1. (1) Who are the listeners for Barton in Lopburi?
      A . Monkeys. B . Deer. C . Cows. D . Elephants.
    2. (2) Why does Paul Barton play music to the animals in Lopburi?
      A . To show his music talent. B . To calm the animals down. C . To raise money for the animals. D . To help the animals out of hunger.
    3. (3) How do the animals react when Barton plays to them in Lopburi?
      A . Fight with other animals. B . Enjoy the music silently. C . Be curious about his behavior. D . Keep away from him immediately.
    4. (4) What's the main idea of the article?
      A . Piano lessons are taught in the wild. B . Special concerts are held for animals. C . A musician helps animals play the piano. D . Some measures are taken to protect animals.
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  • 1. (2021高一下·上海月考) 阅读理解

    China's domestically developed. long-acting experimental AIDS drug is undergoing a final review by the China Food and Drug Administration, the last stage in the approval process.

    Different from traditional oral drugs that require daily use. Albuvirtide is an injection solution that can be administered weekly.

    In developed countries,oral AIDS drugs are very efficient, but it's a heavy burden for patients to take medicine every day for years. As a result, long-acting drugs are the future direction in developing innovative AIDS medicine. For Chinese patients, the number of oral drugs available in the domestic market is very limited, so there is an urgent need for drugs to solve the problem of drug resistance.

    Zhao Yan, a treatment specialist at the National Center for AIDS said seven or eight oral drugs for AIDS are currently provided to patients for free. "The injection solution could given an alternative to patients…if it could be included in the country's health insurance system," she said.

    "Now very few patients are using drugs from the health insurance system, both because no differentiated drugs are provided and because the procedure is more complex and could harm their privacy," she said. "New drugs will be broadly used only if the system can embrace more varieties of drugs."

    Albuvirtide went into the research and development stage in 2002 and entered phase three of clinical trials — a step to assure safety and effectiveness before market approval - in 2014. Phase three is the last round of clinical trials for new drug tests in China. If the drug can pass the reviews of the country's drug watchdog usually at least two rounds, it can then enter the market. The time needed for the review ranges from months to years.

    Clinical trials showed that the new drug performs even better than the oral drugs being used. Most of the oral drugs for AIDS being used in China are generic drugs developed in the 1970s and"'80s that are not so efficient. In terms of safety and effectiveness, evidence so far showed that Albuvirtide is better than most second-line drugs — drugs used when first-line standard drugs fail-- in developed countries because of lower toxicity and fewer side effects.

    Worldwide, a number of long acting AIDS drug are in development. None has been approved for sale. Only Albuvirtide and a few in the United States have entered phase three of clinical trials

    1. (1) Albuvirtide is _______.
      A . a China-developed long-acting oral AIDS drug B . undergoing a clinical test on dogs to assure its safety C . more efficient than other AIDS drugs and has fewer side effects D . the only AIDS drug that has enter the last round of clinical trials
    2. (2) Albuvirtide is good news for AIDS patients in China because _______.
      A . it's a new drug and they are not resistant to it B . it is one of the most effective first-time drugs C . is has been included in the health insurance system D . they can keep their privacy by being injected once a week
    3. (3) Which of the following statements is FALSE?
      A . The research and development of Albuvirtide began in 2002. B . There are usually three phases in the clinical trial for a new drug. C . Albuvirtide is now in the stage of carrying out clinical trials. D . The time needed for review varies from drug to drug.
    4. (4) We can infer from the passage that _______.
      A . Albuvirtide can spare patients from taking oral drugs every day B . the health insurance system has room for further improvement. C . most AIDS drugs being used now were developed in lasts century D . China is leading the whole world in the field of AIDS research
  • 2. (2019高一上·雅安期末) 阅读理解

        Jimmy is an automotive mechanic (汽修工), but he lost his job a few months ago. He has good heart, but always feared applying for a new job.

        One day, he gathered up all his strength and decided to attend a job interview. His appointment was at 10 am and it was already 8:30. While waiting for a bus to the office where he was supposed to be interviewed, he saw an elderly man wildly kicking the tyre of his car. Obviously there was something wrong with the car. Jimmy immediately went up to lend him a hand. When Jimmy finished working on the car, the old man asked him how much he should pay for the service. Jimmy said there was no need to pay him; he just helped someone in need, and he had to rush for an interview. Then the old man said, “Well, I could take you to the office for your interview. It's the least I could do. Please. I insist.” Jimmy agreed.

        Upon arrival, Jimmy found a long line of applications waiting to be interviewed. Jimmy still had some grease (润滑油) on him after the car repair, but he did not have much time to wash it off or have a change of shirt. One by one, the applicants left the interviewer's office with disappointed look on their faces. Finally his name was called. The interviewer was sitting on a large chair facing the office window. Rocking the chair back and forth, he asked, “Do you really need to be interviewed?” Jimmy's heart sank.“ With the way I look now, how could I possibly pass this interview?” he thought to himself.

        Then the interviewer turned the chair and to Jimmy's surprise, it was the old man he helped earlier in the morning. It turned out he was the General Manager of the company.

        “Sorry I had to keep you waiting, but I was pretty sure I made the right decision to have you as part of our workforce before you even stepped into the office. I just know you'd be a trustworthy worker. Congratulations!” Jimmy sat down and they shared a cup of well-deserved coffee as he landed himself a new job.

    1. (1) What did Jimmy see on the way to the interview?
      A . A friend's car had a flat tyre. B . A wild man was pushing a car. C . A terrible car accident happened. D . An old man's car broke down.
    2. (2) Why did the old man offer Jimmy a ride?
      A . He was also to be interviewed. B . He needed a traveling companion. C . He always helped people in need. D . He was thankful to Jimmy.
    3. (3) How did Jimmy feel on hearing the interviewer's question?
      A . He was sorry for the other applicants. B . There was no hope for him to get the job. C . He regretted helping the old man. D . The interviewer was very rude.
    4. (4) What can we learn from Jimmy's experience?
      A . Where there's a will, there's a way. B . A friend in need is a friend indeed. C . Good is rewarded with good. D . Two heads are better than one.
  • 3. (2017高一上·潍坊月考) 阅读理解

        It was a quiet village in which there was a military camp(军营). It was far from the towns and cities and there were some high mountains around. Of course it was a good place for training the new soldiers. But it was difficult for the young men to go outside. Mr. White, an officer of forty, was strict with them and he hardly let them leave the camp.

        Once Mr. White was ill in bed. He couldn't work and a young officer, Mr. Hunt, began to train the new soldiers instead of him. He knew the young men well and let nine soldiers go to the nearest town to have a holiday. But night fell and none came back to the camp. He was worried about it and stood at the gate. It was five to twelve when Mr. Hunt decided to go to the town and see what was happening with the young men. He started the car quickly and set off. At that moment the nine soldiers came back. It seemed they were all drunk. Of course they found the officer was angry.

        "I'm sorry, sir," said the first soldier. "I left the town on time. But something was wrong with my bus on my way here. I had to buy a horse and made it run fast. Bad luck! It died and I had to run back."

        And the other seven soldiers said they were late for the same reasons. It was the last soldier's turn. He said, "I'm sorry, sir. I got on a bus on time, but…"

        Having heard this, the officer became even angrier and stopped him at once. He called out, "If you say something was wrong with your bus, I'll punish you at once!"

        "No, no, sir," said the young man. "My bus was all right, but the dead horse were in its way!"

    1. (1) The military camp was built in the village to     .
      A . stop the soldiers from going to towns B . stop the soldiers from meeting their friends C . train the new soldiers D . make the young men live quietly
    2. (2) Mr. Hunt let the nine soldiers have a holiday because     .
      A . he was kind to them B . they felt lonely C . they had something important to do D . they were the best of all
    3. (3) The young officer was worried because     .
      A . a traffic accident had happened B . he was afraid something happened to the nine soldiers C . the nine soldiers didn't come back on time D . the nine soldiers drank too much in the town
    4. (4) The nine soldiers returned to the camp late because     .
      A . something was wrong with their buses B . their horses died on the return way C . it took them much time to run back D . they all had drunk much in the town
    5. (5) Which answer do you think right?
      A . I'll believe only the last soldier B . The officer believed the nine soldiers C . I'll believe none of the nine soldiers D . The officer won't punish his soldiers