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  • 1. (2021·肥城模拟) 阅读理解

    Buying clothes for a special event, hiding the price tickets and returning them to the store the next day has for years been the method of economical shoppers. Today people are doing it just for social media.

    A survey conducted by the credit card company Barclaycard revealed that nearly one in ten UK shoppers admits to buying clothing only to post photos on social media for likes. After the "outfit (装束) of the day" makes it online, they return it to the store. According to Barclaycard, the "try before you buy" policy of online retailers (零售商) where people pay for clothing they order online after they try it on at home could be contributing to this rising trend.

    But the rise of social media has meant that everyone, not just superstars, expects to build and maintain a personal brand. Since we're documenting our lives and posting them online for public judgment, getting caught in the same outfits more than once should be avoided. And the cost of all those outfits of the day adds up, which makes returning a popular way.

    There are brands that tailor clothes specifically for social media shoppers, like Fashion Nova. "These are clothes made for social media: meant to be worn once, photographed and abandoned," Allison P. Davis wrote in her report about the brand. Another favorite of the social media age is Rent the Runway, which lets customers rent designer clothing for a fee.

    Some, however, are moving in the opposite direction. Groups promoting "work uniforms" have increased greatly in recent years, aiming to free women from "the annoyance of clothing decisions". The concept of the "capsule wardrobe" (胶囊衣柜), which calls for purchasing a small number of high-quality pieces instead of lots of trendy throwaway clothes, is also making a comeback.

    1. (1) What does the survey by Barclaycard indicate?
      A . Some Britons send outfits back after shoots. B . Britons try on clothes before online purchases.

      C  Britons follow the fashion stars closely.

      D. Some Britons over-order and return clothes.

    2. (2) What's Fashion Nova's special service?
      A . Renting chargeable designer clothes. B . Offering customers single-use clothes. C . Creating unique shopping experiences. D . Helping shoppers improve their clothing style.
    3. (3) What's the idea behind the "capsule wardrobe"?
      A . Better fewer, but better. B . Less addition, but more enjoyment. C . Less uniform and more freedom. D . More choices and less annoyance.
    4. (4) What's the purpose of the author to write the text?
      A . To compare different wearing trends. B . To criticize the "try before you buy" policy. C . To advocate buying high-quality clothes. D . To introduce Britain's new wearing trend.
  • 1. (2018·浙江) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


        In 1812, the year Charles Dickens was born, there were 66 novels published in Britain. People had been writing novels for a century—most experts date the first novel to Robinson Crusoe in 1719—but nobody wanted to do it professionally. The steam-powered printing press was still in its early stages; the literacy(识字) rate in England was under 50%. Many works of fiction appeared without the names of the authors, often with something like "By a lady." Novels, for the most part, were looked upon as silly, immoral, or just plain bad.

        In 1870, when Dickens died, the world mourned him as its first professional writer and publisher, famous and beloved, who had led an explosion in both the publication of novels and their readership and whose characters — from Oliver Twist to Tiny Tim— were held up as moral touchstones. Today Dickens' greatness is unchallenged. Removing him from the pantheon(名人堂) of English literature would make about as much sense as the Louvre selling off the Mona Lisa.

        How did Dickens get to the top? For all the feelings readers attach to stories, literature is a numbers game, and the test of time is extremely difficult to pass. Some 60,000 novels were published during the Victorian age, from 1837 to 1901; today a casual reader might be able to name a half-dozen of them. It's partly true that Dickens' style of writing attracted audiences from all walks of life. It's partly that his writings rode a wave of social, political and scientific progress. But it's also that he rewrote the culture of literature and put himself at the center. No one will ever know what mix of talent, ambition, energy and luck made Dickens such a singular writer. But as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches, it is possible — and important for our own culture—to understand how he made himself a lasting one.

    1. (1) Which of the following best describes British novels in the 18th century?
      A . They were difficult to understand. B . They were popular among the rich. C . They were seen as nearly worthless. D . They were written mostly by women.
    2. (2) Dickens is compared with the Mona Lisa in the text to stress________.
      A . his reputation in France B . his interest in modern art C . his success in publication D . his importance in literature
    3. (3) What is the author's purpose in writing the text?
      A . To remember a great writer. B . To introduce an English novel. C . To encourage studies on culture. D . To promote values of the Victorian age.
  • 2. 阅读理解

        Sometimes you'll hear people say that you can't love others until you love yourself. Sometimes you'll hear people say that you can't expect someone else to love you until you love yourself. Either way, you've got to love yourself first and this can be tricky. Sure we all know that we're the apple of our parents' eyes, and that our Grandmas think we're great talents and our Uncle Roberts think that we will go to the Olympics. But sometimes it's a lot harder to think such nice thoughts about ourselves. If you find that believing in yourself is a challenge, it is time you build a positive self-image and learn to love yourself.

        Self-image is your own mind's picture of yourself. This image includes the way you look, the way you act, the way you talk and the way you think. Interestingly, our self-images are often quite different from the images others hold about us. Unfortunately, most of these images are more negative than they should be. Thus changing the way you think about yourself is the key to changing your self-image and your whole world.

        The best way to defeat a passive self-image is to step back and decide to stress your success. That is, make a list if you need to, but write down all of the great things you do every day. Don't allow doubts to occur in it.

        It very well might be that you are experiencing a negative self-image because you can't move past one flaw or weakness that you see about yourself. Well, roll up your sleeves and make a change of it as your primary task. If you think you're silly because you aren't good at math, find a tutor. If you think you're weak because you can't run a mile, get to the track and practice. If you think you're dull because you don't wear the latest trends, buy a few new clothes. But remember, just because you think it doesn't mean it's true.

        The best way to get rid of a negative self-image is to realize that your image is far from objective, and to actively convince yourself of your positive qualities. Changing the way you think and working on those you need to improve will go a long way towards promoting a positive self-image. When you can pat yourself on the back, you'll know you're well on your way. Good luck!

    1. (1) You need to build a positive self-image when you _________.

      A . dare to challenge yourself B . feel it hard to change yourself C . are unconfident of yourself D . have a high opinion of yourself
    2. (2) According to the passage, our self-images _________.

      A . have positive effects B . are probably untrue C . are often changeable D . have different functions
    3. (3) How should you change your self-image according to the passage?

      A . To keep a different image of others. B . To make your life successful. C . To understand your own world. D . To change the way you think.
    4. (4) Who are the intended readers of the passage?

      A . Parents. B . Adolescents. C . Educators. D . People in general.
  • 3. (2019·杭州模拟) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

        A recent documentary produced by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) has caused a stir in China and in the UK.

        The documentary, titled Are Our Kids Tough Enough? focuses on five Chinese teachers who are sent to teach 50 UK teens at a school in Hampshire.

        The teachers instruct the students for a month. The pupils are then tested, and the results are compared to the ones of those who have continued in the regular UK education system. The idea is to see if the Chinese method improves academic performance.

        The Chinese teachers use their own teaching methods but receive strong resistance from the students. A clip from the documentary online shows some problems, with Chinese teachers calling their students lazy and lacking in discipline, while the students say the high pressure and harsh teachers are driving them crazy.

        This has aroused a new debate in both China and the UK, with some arguing the teenagers need more regulation and discipline. Others say Chinese methods encourage rote learning (死记硬背) instead of independent thinking. For instance, Chinese language teachers should do more than pass on knowledge about words and characters. They should inspire students, helping them feel the sentiment from Chinese literature. This is a higher level of teaching.

        Yang Dongping, dean of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, says, "The Chinese teaching methods are designed to strictly train the majority. Foreign teaching methods, however, are more natural and relaxing, and designed to inspire students' interest in learning. Education methods are based on culture. That is why a successful education method in one place may not work that well when simply 'transplanted' into another place."

        Yang Dongping says, "The documentary does reflect some problems rooted in traditional Chinese teaching methods. Nobel prize winner, Yang Zhenning, gave a very fair comment on this issue. He said the Chinese-style education method works for most ordinary qualified students effectively, helping them reach high standards. However, it may weaken the training for high-potential outstanding students."

    1. (1) Why are five Chinese teachers sent to teach 50 UK teens?
      A . To test the intelligence of the UK teens. B . To help the school improve their teaching efficiency. C . To do some practical research into the UK education system. D . To test the effectiveness of Chinese teaching methods.
    2. (2) What's the meaning of the underlined word "harsh" in the fourth paragraph?
      A . Extremely strict B . Quite friendly C . Rather cold D . Very attractive
    3. (3) According to Yang Dongping, Chinese teaching methods ________.
      A . fit all countries B . could be improved C . are the best in the world D . are not as good as British methods