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  • 1. (2021·和平模拟) 阅读理解

    My doctor took me for a walk around the farm where she lives. I was physically and emotionally exhausted and discouraged by anxiety and depression.

    The place was full of life. There were insects, horses, rabbits and a cat. She told me to focus on my body in the environment.

    When I was ill I tended to retreat into my mind and disconnect from here and now. So, when I met a horse named Fira, I expected nothing.

    As I got closer to Fira, she nuzzled (用鼻子爱抚)her nose into my chest, putting a gentle pressure over my heart. Something happened inside me: I felt as if I had reached a wellspring (源泉)of past hurts, fears and failings. I began to melt emotionally.

    I patted Fira's nose and breathed in her smell. I found I didn't have to concentrate on feeling better; Fira helped me feel loved and safe.

    I worked with Fira often, learning basic communication and leading methods to work together with her. Initially, I wasn't sure exactly what one would do with a horse except riding it. But I knew that Fira had touched me in an uncommon way and had made me feel better. She connected with me by responding to my emotional state and reflecting it back to me in an open, affectionate way.

    In my meetings with Fira, I found that I lost my usual self-consciousness and I would focus entirely on communicating.

    I learned to live in the present, to focus on what was happening this day, in this moment, in this place. I learned to forget the past, with all its hurts. I learned to forget the future, which hasn't happened yet. When you stand beside a horse, you exist completely in the moment.

    "With Fira by my side, I saw into a life in which trust comes first, and compassion follows.

    I found a deep peace in leading her along a path, by using my own power of intention to indicate whether to start, stop, turn left or turn right. I felt an inner quiet and even joy. My work with this horse was part of a journey out of a very dark night in my soul.

    1. (1) What do we know about the author from the first three paragraphs?
      A . She often lost consciousness. B . She loves animals very much. C . She suffered from mental illness. D . She went to a doctor with high hopes.
    2. (2) When the author first met Fira, she              .
      A . was deeply touched by its reaction B . had already recovered from her pain C . was curious about what would happen D . didn't have any interest in keeping a pet
    3. (3) What does the underlined phrase in paragraph 3 mean?
      A . Get out of trouble. B . Keep away from others. C . Lift up my spirits. D . Make up my mind.
    4. (4) When the author and Fira worked together,.
      A . the author had to try hard to feel better B . Fira helped the author focus on her thoughts C . the author recalled her past hurts, fears and failings D . Fira understood the author's emotions and reacted positively
    5. (5) What did the author learn during her time with Fira?
      A . It is important to make every day count. B . One shouldn't be affected by emotions. C . One should learn lessons from the past. D . It is essential to show sympathy for others.
  • 1. (2020高三上·牡丹江期末) 阅读理解

        The new garbage sorting regulation has taken effect in Shanghai starting July 1. Many citizens are still confused about the classification of the four different types of trash. Thankfully, authorities have released an official guideline to explain the new rules.

        The guideline, published by the Shanghai Greenery and Public Sanitation Bureau, provides a rather clear definition on the four kinds if waste: recyclable waste, harmful waste, household food waste and residual (剩余) waste.

        A team from the U. K.'s National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine examined 14 lean and overweight men and analyzed their metabolic (新陈代谢) health. The participants were either assigned

        Harmful waste, as the name suggests, includes various poisonous materials like used batteries, light bulbs, out-of-date medicines, paint and pesticides.

        Household food waste — which is translated to "wet trash" in Chinese — refers to food leftovers, rotten food, pet food, fruit peels, remains of TCM herbs (中药) and flowers.

        Paper, plastic, glass, metal and textiles (纺织品) are counted as recyclable waste.

    The definition of residual waste is a little confusing. Anything that is not listed above belongs to this category.

        As specific as the new guideline is, residents still have a hard time sorting trash correctly and are finding it challenging to memorize them all. For instance, both plastic bottles and bubble tea or coffee cups are plastic materials. However, the former falls to the category of recyclable waste and the latter belongs to residual waste. To save the hassle, some netizens have come up with their own way to sort trash.

        "We should do this from a pig's angle," commented one netizen. "Those edible (可食用) for pigs are household food waste. Those even pigs don't want to eat are residual waste. If a pig consumes something and dies of it, then something must be harmful waste. Those that can be sold and the money we gain can be used to purchase pigs are recyclable waste."

        The new regulation came into effect on July 1. Those who do not sort their trash properly will be fined RMB200.

    1. (1) What do the old coats that you want to throw away belong to?
      A . Harmful waste. B . Wet trash. C . Recyclable waste. D . Residual waste
    2. (2) What is the common point of "wet trash"?
      A . They can be broken down easily. B . They all come from plants. C . They all have bad smells. D . They all have poisonous materials.
    3. (3) What is the tone of the netizen like?
      A . Serious. B . Humorous. C . Delightful. D . Uncertain.
    4. (4) What does the passage mainly talk about?
      A . The four sorts of garbing are forbidden in Shanghai. B . Shanghai garbage sorting enforcement begins. C . people are still confused about garbage sorting. D . The netizens in Shanghai support the garbage sorting policy.
  • 2. (2020·黄浦模拟) 阅读理解

        Katherine Jonson, winner of the presidential medial of freedom, refused to be limited by society5 expectations of her gender and race while expanding the borders of humanity's reach--President Barack Obama, 2015.

        Using little more than a pencil, a slide rule and one of the finest mathematical minds in the country, Mrs. Johnson, who died at 101, calculated the precise path that would let Apollo 11 land on the moon in 1969 and, after Neil Armstrong's history-making moonwalk, let it return to Earth Wet throughout Mrs. Johnson's 33 years in NASA's Flight Research Division and for decades afterward, almost no one knew her name. She was just one of those unheralded women who, well before the modem feminist (女权) movement, worked as NASA mathematicians. But it was not only her gender that kept her long marginalized and long unsung Katherine Johnson, a West Virginia native, was also African-American.

        But over time, the work of Mrs. Johnson and her colleagues--countless calculations done mainly by hand, using slide rules, chart paper and inefficient desktop calculating machines--won them a level of acceptance that for the most competitive race.

        “NASA was a very professional organization, "Mrs. Johnson told The Observer of Fayetteville, N.C., in 2010. "They didn't have time to be concerned about what color I was." Nor, she said, did she. "I don't have a feeling of inferiority, "Mrs. Johnson said on at least one occasion. "Never had. I'm as good as anybody, but no better. "

        To the end of her life, Mrs. Johnson refused praise for her role in sending astronauts into space, keeping them on course and bringing them safely home. "I was just doing my job, "Mrs. Johnson repeatedly said so. But what a job it was--done, no less, by a woman born at a time when the odds were more likely that she would die before age 35 than even finish high school.

    1. (1) The underlined word "unheralded" most probably means______.
      A . not adequately paid B . not previously mentioned C . not officially rewarded. D . not fast promoted
    2. (2) It was ___________ put together that made Mrs. Johnson a miracle.
      A . her skin color, her gender and the facilities B . her gender, her intelligence and the facilities C . her skin color, her gender and her intelligence D . her intelligence, her skin color and the facilities
    3. (3) From Mrs. Johnson's comments on NASA and her own job. we can conclude that ____________.
      A . she was confident and modest B . NASA shows no interest in staff's races C . She was superior to most women in her age D . NASA is professionally organized and supportive
    4. (4) Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
      A . Woman Made Calculations B . NASA Marginalized Mathematicians C . Gender Divided Organizations D . Mathematician Broke Barriers
  • 3. (2020高三上·杭州月考) 阅读理解

    Between adolescence and adulthood, you go through a host of changes-jobs, unpleasant haircuts and relationships that come and go. But what about who you really are? As you grow older, does your personality change?

    Personality is the pattern of thoughts, feelings and behavior unique to a person. People tend to think of personality as fixed. But according to psychologists, that's not how it works. "Personality is a developmental phenomenon. It's not just something that you're stuck with and can't get over," said Brent Roberts, a psychologist at the University of lllinois at Urbana-Champaign.

    That's not to say that you're a different person each day you wake up. In the short term, change can be nearly imperceptible, Roberts told Live Science. Regular surveys on the personalities of participants over many years suggest that our personality is actually stable on shorter time scales.

    We come into the world with unique temperaments (性情), and research suggests that our temperaments as children-for example, whether we're easy-going or unwilling to approach strangers-correspond to adult personalities.

    Throughout the years, our personality is still changing, but slowly, Roberts said. "It's subtle. You don't notice it on that five-to-ten-year time scale, but in the long term, it becomes apparent, " he added. Psychologists also pointed out that personality tends to get "better" over time. They call it "the maturity (成熟) principle. " People become more outgoing, emotionally stable and agreeable as they grow older. Over the long run, these changes are often apparent.

    Some individuals might change less than others, but in general, the maturity principle applies to everyone. That makes personality change even harder to recognize in ourselves-how your personality compares with that of your peers doesn't change as much as our overall change in personality, because everyone else is changing right along with you. "There's good evidence that the average self-control of a 30- year-old is higher than a 20-ycar-old, "Donnellan said. " At the same time, people who are relatively self- controlled at 18 also tend to be relatively self-controlled at age 30. "

    1. (1) Which of the following can be learnt from the passage?
      A . People's personality usually remains unchanged in the long run. B . People tend to be better balanced emotionally when they get older. C . People experience apparent changes in personality every five to ten years. D . People's temperaments as children have little to do with adult personalities.
    2. (2) What does the underlined word "imperceptible" in paragraph 3 mean?
      A . Unnoticeable. B . Unchangeable. C . Impossible. D . Incredible.
    3. (3) In which of the following magazines can you most probably find this text?
      A . Kids and Teens B . Fitness and Health C . World Culture D . Scientific American