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  • 1. (2021·和平模拟) 阅读理解

    These beautiful reading spots are best enjoyed with no one for company but the inhabitants of your favorite fictional worlds ...

    ---By Anna Walker Women's Library, Glasgow

    Rows of books on women's issues throughout history line the shelves of the only official museum in the UK dedicated to women's lives, histories and achievements and a number of events across the year transform this library into a living social hub, with creative writing classes, performance groups, craft sessions and more.

    The library's key aim is to support women, with services teaching literacy, calculations, and handling a range of issues including poverty, and surviving violence.

    Visit womenslibyaryore.uk

    Sir Duncan Rice Library, Aberdeen

    The outside of the modern facility is a huge glass structure - made of 760 glass panels and 2,200 tons of steel.

    The Sir Duncan Rice is also conscious of its carbon footprint; designed to collect rainwater which is reused to flush its toilets, harvesting power through solar cells on the roof and using timers to control the use of its fluorescent lighting.

    Visit abdn.ac.uk/library

    John Ryland, Manchester

    Created over 100 years ago as a gift to Manchester and its people, the John Ryland welcomes over 250,000 visitors through its doors each year. The project began as a honor by Enriqueta Ryland to her late husband John Ryland, and has grown to become the third largest academic library in the UK, home to over a million manuscripts (手稿)

    Modern extensions to the building added since the 2000s create a breath-taking collision (冲突) of historic and modem architecture. Regular events planned with the whole family in mind make this library one to visit time and time again.

    Visit library.manchesterac. uk/rylmds

    Wellcome Reading Room, Lo

    Spend an afternoon studying in the Reading Room of London's Wellcome Museum and you may just find yourself enjoying a side of people-watching with your literature. With drawing classes, pop-up exhibitions and artistic displays accompanying rows of educational books, it's an enjoyable spot to visit, revisit and declare your number one study spot. The impressive stairway and desks are allowing you the perfect spot to pause and reflect, whatever your library mission.

    Visit wellcomecollection.org/visit-us

    1. (1) What do we know about Women's Library in the passage?
      A . It is a good place for women to survive violence. B . People can learn how to earn a better life in classes. C . Women can promote their relationship and education in the library. D . Only books on women's issues in modern times can be found in the library.
    2. (2) What is the unique feature of the Sir Duncan Rice Library?
      A . It has environmental-friendly design. B . The library is only made of 760 glass panels. C . People can take writing courses in the library. D . The outside of the modern facility is a huge steel structure.
    3. (3) What information can we probably find when visiting librarv.manchesterac.uk/rylands?
      A . The library has been rebuilt since the 2000s. B . The library was built in memory of John Ryland. C . Over a million manuscripts were donated from homes in the UK. D . It was the third largest academic library in the UK when it was built.
    4. (4) Which of the following descriptions of Wellcome Reading Room is correct?
      A . It is hardly worth revisiting. B . People can buy artworks by attending drawing classes. C . Those coming with different purposes are also admitted to it. D . Visitors can extend their understanding of the benefit of reading.
    5. (5) Which one presents the combination of ancient and modern buildings?
      A . John Ryland B . Women's Library C . Sir Duncan Rice Library D . Wellcome Reading Room
  • 1. (2021高三下·扬州开学考) 阅读理解

    From this issue, we explore why the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute hasn't turned up anything since its founding in the 1980s. (See page 30 for more.) We asked our Facebook followers: Do you think that astronomers will find evidence of alien life in your lifetime?

    Loran McCormick: 1 think they already have it. Judging by the sudden industrialization, I figure they found something that's probably been here since before humans walked the Earth.

    Jens Avery: We may find life, but it may not want anything to do with us. We are not very advanced and can't even get along with each other.

    Steven Buhrow: I think the more important question is — will any government ever publicly admit it in our lifetime? I fully believe that we could discover alien life today and the government would simply say the public is not ready for this information.

    Jenna Walsh: I think we already see it, but just don't realize what it is. Intelligent alien life probably doesn't want anything to do with the disaster that is Earth at this point, so no doubt they're playing it safe and observing from a safe distance.

    Christopher Harvey: By alien life, do you mean intelligent alien life? Then no. It would be extremely hard to find, short of them coming down to Earth. But if you mean unintelligent alien life, like bacteria or single cell, we might.

    1. (1) Why did we ask the Facebook followers the question?
      A . To question the efficiency of SETI. B . To confirm the appearance of aliens on earth. C . To ensure the existence of aliens. D . To complain about the failure to find aliens.
    2. (2) Who doubts the ever visits of aliens to the earth?
      A . Loran McCormick. B . Steven Buhrow. C . Jenna Walsh. D . Christopher Harvey.
    3. (3) Where does this text probably come from?
      A . An album. B . A science fiction. C . A magazine. D . A travel guide.
  • 2. (2021·肥城模拟) 阅读理解

    Buying clothes for a special event, hiding the price tickets and returning them to the store the next day has for years been the method of economical shoppers. Today people are doing it just for social media.

    A survey conducted by the credit card company Barclaycard revealed that nearly one in ten UK shoppers admits to buying clothing only to post photos on social media for likes. After the "outfit (装束) of the day" makes it online, they return it to the store. According to Barclaycard, the "try before you buy" policy of online retailers (零售商) where people pay for clothing they order online after they try it on at home could be contributing to this rising trend.

    But the rise of social media has meant that everyone, not just superstars, expects to build and maintain a personal brand. Since we're documenting our lives and posting them online for public judgment, getting caught in the same outfits more than once should be avoided. And the cost of all those outfits of the day adds up, which makes returning a popular way.

    There are brands that tailor clothes specifically for social media shoppers, like Fashion Nova. "These are clothes made for social media: meant to be worn once, photographed and abandoned," Allison P. Davis wrote in her report about the brand. Another favorite of the social media age is Rent the Runway, which lets customers rent designer clothing for a fee.

    Some, however, are moving in the opposite direction. Groups promoting "work uniforms" have increased greatly in recent years, aiming to free women from "the annoyance of clothing decisions". The concept of the "capsule wardrobe" (胶囊衣柜), which calls for purchasing a small number of high-quality pieces instead of lots of trendy throwaway clothes, is also making a comeback.

    1. (1) What does the survey by Barclaycard indicate?
      A . Some Britons send outfits back after shoots. B . Britons try on clothes before online purchases.

      C  Britons follow the fashion stars closely.

      D. Some Britons over-order and return clothes.

    2. (2) What's Fashion Nova's special service?
      A . Renting chargeable designer clothes. B . Offering customers single-use clothes. C . Creating unique shopping experiences. D . Helping shoppers improve their clothing style.
    3. (3) What's the idea behind the "capsule wardrobe"?
      A . Better fewer, but better. B . Less addition, but more enjoyment. C . Less uniform and more freedom. D . More choices and less annoyance.
    4. (4) What's the purpose of the author to write the text?
      A . To compare different wearing trends. B . To criticize the "try before you buy" policy. C . To advocate buying high-quality clothes. D . To introduce Britain's new wearing trend.
  • 3. (2019高三上·浦东开学考) 阅读理解

        Public distrust of scientists stems in part from the blurring of boundaries between science and technology, between discovery and manufacture. Most governments, perhaps all governments, justify public expenditure on scientific research in terms of the economic benefits the scientific enterprise has brought in the past and will bring in the future. Politicians remind their voters of the splendid machines "our scientists" have invented, the new drugs to relieve old disorders, and the new surgical equipment and techniques by which previously unmanageable conditions may now be treated and lives saved. At the same time, the politicians demand of scientists that they tailor their research to "economics needs", and that they award a higher priority to research proposals that are "near the market" and can be translated into the greatest return on investment in the shortest time. Dependent, as they are, on politicians for much of their funding, scientists have little choice but to comply. Like the rest of us, they are members of a society that rates the creation of wealth as the greatest possible good. Many have reservations, but keep them to themselves in what they perceive as a climate hostile to the pursuit of understanding for its own sake and the idea of an inquiring, creative spirit.

        In such circumstances no one should be too hard on people who are suspicious of conflicts of interest. When we learn that the distinguished professor assuring us of the safety of a particular product holds a consultancy with the company making it, we cannot be blamed for wondering whether his fee might conceivably cloud his professional judgment. Even if the professor holds no consultancy with any firm, some people may still distrust him because of his association with those who do, or at least wonder about the source of some of his research funding.

        This attitude can have damaging effects. It questions the integrity of individuals working in a profession that prizes intellectual honesty as the supreme virtue, and plays into the hands of those who would like to discredit scientists by representing them as corruptible. This makes it easier to dismiss all scientific pronouncements, but especially those made by the scientists who present themselves as "experts". The scientist most likely to understand the safety of a nuclear reactor, for example, is a nuclear engineer, and a nuclear engineer is most likely to be employed by the nuclear industry. If a nuclear engineer declares that a reactor is unsafe, we believe him, because clearly it is not to his advantage to lie about it. If he tells us it is safe, on the other hand, we distrust him, because he may well be protecting the employer who pays his salary.

    1. (1) What is the chief concern of most governments when it comes to scientific research?
      A . The reduction of public expenditure. B . Quick economic returns. C . The budget for a research project. D . Support from the voters.
    2. (2) Why won't scientists complain about the government's policy concerning scientific research?
      A . They know it takes patience to win support from the public. B . They realize they work in an environment hostile to the free pursuit of knowledge. C . They think compliance with government policy is in the interests of the public. D . They are accustomed to keeping their opinions to themselves.
    3. (3) According to the author, people are suspicious of the professional judgment of scientists because       .
      A . some of them do not give priority to intellectual honesty B . sometimes they hide the source of their research funding C . they could be influenced by their association with the project concerned D . their pronouncements often turn out to be wrong
    4. (4) Why does the author say that public distrust of scientists can have damaging effects?
      A . Scientists themselves may doubt the value of their research findings. B . People will not believe scientists even when they tell the truth. C . It makes things difficult for scientists to seek research funds. D . It may wear out the enthusiasm of scientists for independent research.